Prevention of water damage to residences should be one of the main areas that should not be ignored in the home maintenance practices. However, even with utmost care having been taken to avoid water flooding, situations will always arise that will cause drainage malfunction. The extent of the water damage is what will determine whether to do it yourself or to seek the services of a water extraction company.
Causes of Water Damage to Residences
Brocken pipes: These can either be replaced or glued back depending on the extent of the breakage.
Filled up septic tank: When the septic tank is full, the drainage will be restrained, thus making water flow backward. If not attended to quickly, this can cause a lot of home discomfort. The septic tank will require immediate emptied.
Clogged rain gutters: When the gutters are filled with debris, the flow of water especially after heavy rains will be restricted and will naturally overflow and drain into the ground. To avoid this, gutters should be cleaned regularly.
Heavy rainfall: The summer rains can exceed the amount that can easily drain into the soil and therefore cause flooding. Though measures are often put to reduce the flow of water into homes, sometimes the water finds its way into residences.
Blocked toilets: Overflowing toilets are caused by clogged drain or a dysfunctional float that lets in excess water into the tank. Use a plunger to unblock the toilet. If it doesn’t work, seek the services of a plumber.
Malfunctioning appliances. These appliances include:
Dishwasher – Food or detergent can clog the strainer causing the failure of drainage. The filter can be removed and cleaned with a brush to clear this. If the problem is with the float switch, it will need a replacement. If the water still doesn’t drain, then the problem could be in the plumbing system. This will then be best handled by a plumber.
Washing machine – The machine’s inlet connections and the pump are the areas that often fail to function. Repairing them without the need of an expert is possible.
Water heaters – The water heater malfunction can happen if there is corrosion in the water tank. Draining all the water will help identify the rusty areas for repair. The temperature and pressure relief valve can also be saturated with debris over time. Flushing out water through the valve will clear this.
Refrigerator – The drain lines of a refrigerator should be cleaned habitually with bleach to keep the lines unblocked.

4 Safety measures to take after Water Damage
1) Turn off the electricity that could be in contact with the water
2) Drain the water with a mop or towel. It’s advisable to use gloves for safety.
3) Throw away the things that could have been messed up by the water, and sanitize the ones that would still be useful.
4) Keep the room well ventilated to wade off the formation of molds.
To minimize losses after water damage, it’s advisable to place valuables on high places, especially in areas frequented by flooding. Pipes and leaks should be checked habitually and the necessary repairs done. Having waterproof materials on walls will reduce the damage caused by flooding.